Substance abuse, when left untreated or neglected, leads to several key concerns. These concerns include: addiction, long-term use, overdose, mixing drugs with other prescription medicines, and mental health issues.

Like many other states, drug and alcohol laws in Alabama prohibit the ownership, use, or distribution of controlled substances. The penalties may include jail time, hefty fines, or other strict actions.

In this article, we will pose the questions, what:

  • Are the DUI laws in Alabama?
  • Does Zero Tolerance Law mean?
  • Is the legal status of marijuana in Alabama?
  • Are drug and alcohol-related crimes?
  • Are the penalties for drug or alcohol abuse in Alabama

Know More About the DUI Laws in Alabama

The laws in Alabama have strict DUI laws. You’re breaking the law if:

  •    You are over 21 with a Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) 0.08% or higher
  •    Influence of alcohol is making you incapable of safe driving

For Commercial Drivers: The threshold of BAC is 0.04% or more for a commercial driver. Under Alabama’s DUI laws, a commercial driver found drunk will be disqualified from driving the vehicle for one year. And if the driver was transporting hazardous materials during the time of offense, the disqualification period is three years.

For Drivers Under 21: A minor whose blood alcohol level is between 0.2 and 0.8 is required to pay the same fine as an adult driver. Besides, the minor will receive an automatic 30-day license suspension and must attend a substance abuse program.

Zero Tolerance Laws for Alabama

Alabama’s zero tolerance laws for underage offenders can result in lasting consequences. This means that law enforcement officials can arrest and charge underage drivers if their BAC reaches 0.2% or higher. This may further lead to lost opportunities that could impact their housing, employment, insurance premiums or education.

Is Marijuana Legal in Alabama?

Alabama drug laws don’t favor marijuana usage. All forms of possession, trafficking, or sale are illegal.

SB225, signed by Governor Kay Ivey in June 2019, legalizes CBD with THC below 0.3%. But, you can’t have any other form of this drug with you.

In Alabama, you can’t:

  • Possess even an ounce of weed for personal use
  • Smoke the drug in public places
  • Sell recreational hemp even in trace amounts
  •       Sell the drug to minors
  •       Grow cannabis or its derivatives on your personal property

Drug and Alcohol-Related Crimes in Alabama

Drug users are more likely to commit crimes than non-users. Under Alabama laws, any usage, possession, manufacture, or distribution of drugs is a crime and is classified as having a potential for abuse.

Cocaine, heroin, marijuana, and amphetamines are some examples of drugs classified to have abuse potential. Since Alabama drug testing laws are quite strict, even a small amount of drug possession can land you in serious trouble. 

According to the research conducted by the Fatality Analysis Reporting System, in Alabama, 27% of drivers filled in fatal road accidents have a BAC level of 0.8 or higher. Excessive consumption of alcohol is also linked to violent crime, such as forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.

According to the Uniform Crime Reporting Program (UCR), in 2017, Alabama witnessed 524.2 violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants. 

Penalties for Alcohol or Drug Abuse in Alabama

Not every drug-related case is punishable in Alabama. The penalties depend on the schedule and quantity of substances.

Some common penalties for substance abuse in Alabama are:

  • Using or carrying marijuana for personal use is a misdemeanor. You may have to deal with a one-year sentence, fines up to $6000, or both. Marijuana ownership, for any other purpose is a crime. Punishment is imprisonment of 1-10 years with fines up to $15000, or both.
  • Possession of up to 28 grams of cocaine or meth is illegal. You may be in prison for 1-10 years with fines up to $15000. If you possess more than 28 grams of these drugs, you may end up with a prison sentence of 3 years.
  • Penalty for possession of less than 4 grams of heroin. You may pay a fine of $15000 and a prison sentence of 1-10 years.
  • The sale of controlled substances is punishable. You may pay a fine up to $30,000 and a prison sentence of 2-20 years, or both.
  • Drug trafficking may result in jail time of 10-99 years, and a fine of up to $200,000. As one of the most serious crimes, these are classified as a class-A felony.
  • License suspension for underage drinking. You can be suspended to drive for 30 days with a fine amounting to $1200.
  •  DUI charges carry a fine of $600-2100, imprisonment up to one year, or both.

In addition, penalties can be harder for repeat offenders. You may be banned from driving. Or your employment record may get affected.  For more details about Alabama drug laws it is advisable to consult an attorney.  

Get Treatment for Alcohol and Substance Abuse in Alabama

Substance or alcohol abuse of any kind can ruin your life. Getting treatment at the right time is the best way for you or a loved one to re-stabilize their lives.

Call your local treatment center today to learn about your treatment options!

Sources

  1. https://statelaws.findlaw.com/
  2. https://statelaws.findlaw.com
  3. https://www.southalabama.edu
  4. https://dui.drivinglaws.org
  5. https://patch.com

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